Ring of Brodgar / Isle of Mainland ***
Region: Orkney Islands
This is a very large Neolithic henge, with a diameter of 104 metres at the furthest point between stones, and a diameter of 130 metres when measured across the outer ditch. The stones have stood for 4,000 to 4,500 years (older than both the Pyramids and Stonehenge!) so a fair few of them will have succumbed to the elements and you can see one stone that bears the scars of a lightning strike.
The Ring of Brodgar might have been used as a meeting place for ceremonies. Archeological finds would suggest that its use involved feasting and commemorating the dead. Located in a natural amphitheater surrounded by hills and flanked on either side by Loch of Harray and Loch of Stenness makes it a very public location.
Orkney's Neolithic heartland - the area surrounding the Ring of Brodgar - was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1999.
Found a mistake or maybe have something to add? Do let me know!